The Importance of Checking
Your Blood Sugar

Why should I check my blood sugar?

Checking your blood sugar can be a very important part of your diabetes care plan. Checking your blood sugar can help you better manage your diabetes in several ways:

  • Your personal blood sugar profile can help you and your diabetes care team plan your care
  • Knowing your blood sugar level can help you make good day-to-day choices about what you eat, your level of physical activity, and your use of diabetes medicines
  • Checking your blood sugar throughout the day can help you recognize and avoid low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and the health problems that they can cause
  • Seeing the changes in your blood sugar levels throughout the day can help you better understand the effects of your meal plan and medicine on your blood sugar levels

How often should you take a blood sugar reading?

When and how often you check your blood sugar each day depends on a number of factors about your diabetes and its management.

Most experts agree that people taking multiple insulin injections or using an insulin pump should check their blood sugar several times a day. Your diabetes care team may recommend that you check your blood sugar:

  • When you wake up, to see if your blood sugar is staying under control while you’re asleep
  • Before meals or large snacks, to know what your blood sugar is before you eat
  • 1 to 2 hours after meals or large snacks, to see how the food you eat affects your blood sugar
  • Before and within minutes after physical activity, to see how being active affects your blood sugar

If you do not take insulin and your blood sugar levels usually stay in their target range, you may need to check your blood sugar less frequently.

You may need to check your blood sugar levels more often:

  • When you and your diabetes care team are adjusting your diabetes medicines
  • When you are under increased stress
  • When you are making changes in your eating or physical activity plan (such as when you are traveling)
  • When your diabetes is not well controlled
  • When you are starting a new diabetes medicine
  • When you are ill
  • Before and after exercise

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When you join Cornerstones4Care®, we’ll ask you a few questions about your diabetes and your treatment. That’s because the more we know about you, the more we can give you the information that can help you reach your diabetes care goals.